Fillable Printable VA Form 4597b
Fillable Printable VA Form 4597b
VA Form 4597b
YOUR RIGHTS TO APPEAL OUR DECISION ON YOUR MOTION FOR REVIEW
FOR CLEAR AND UNMISTAKABLE ERROR
The attached decision by the Board of Veterans' Appeals (Board) is the final decision on your motion for the Board to review one or
more of its final decisions for clear and unmistakable error (CUE). If you are satisfied with the outcome of this decision, you do not
need to do anything. However, if you are not satisfied with this decision, you have the following options, which are listed in no
particular order of importance:
Appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims (Court)
File with the Board a motion for reconsideration of this decision
File with the Board a motion to vacate this decision.
Please note that if you file a Notice of Appeal with the Court and a motion with the Board at the same time, this may delay your appeal
at the Court because of jurisdictional conflicts. If you file a Notice of Appeal with the Court before you file a motion with the Board,
the Board will not be able to consider your motion without the Court's permission or until your appeal at the Court is resolved.
There is no time limit for filing a motion for reconsideration or a motion to vacate with the Board.
How long do I have to start my appeal to the Court? You have 120 days from the date this decision was mailed to you (as shown
on the first page of this decision) to file a Notice of Appeal with the Court. If you also want to file a motion for reconsideration or a
motion to vacate, you will still have time to appeal to the Court. As long as you file your motion(s) with the Board within 120 days of
the date this decision was mailed to you, you will then have another 120 days from the date the Board decides the motion for
reconsideration or the motion to vacate to appeal to the Court. You should know that even if you have a representative, as discussed
below, it is your responsibility to make sure that your appeal to the Court is filed on time. Please note that the 120-day time limit to
file a Notice of Appeal with the Court does not include a period of active duty. If your active military service materially affects your
ability to file a Notice of Appeal (e.g., due to a combat deployment), you may also be entitled to an additional 90 days after active duty
service terminates before the 120-day appeal period (or remainder of the appeal period) begins to run.
How do I appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims? Send your Notice of Appeal to the Court at:
Clerk, U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
625 Indiana Avenue, NW, Suite 900
Washington, DC 20004-2950
You can get information about the Notice of Appeal, the procedure for filing a Notice of Appeal, the filing fee (or a motion to waive
the filing fee if payment would cause financial hardship), and other matters covered by the Court's rules directly from the Court. You
can also get this information from the Court's website on the Internet at: http://www.uscourts.cavc.gov
, and you can download forms
directly from that website. The Court's facsimile number is (202) 501-5848.
To ensure full protection of your right of appeal to the Court, you must file your Notice of Appeal with the Court, not with the Board,
or any other VA office.
How do I file a motion for reconsideration? You can file a motion asking the Board to reconsider any part of this decision by
writing a letter to the Board clearly explaining why you believe that the Board committed an obvious error of fact or law, or stating
that new and material military service records have been discovered that apply to your appeal. It is important that such letter be as
specific as possible. A general statement of dissatisfaction with the Board decision or some other aspect of the VA claims
adjudication process will not suffice. If the Board has decided more than one issue, be sure to tell us which issue(s) you want
reconsidered. Issues not clearly identified may not be considered. Send your letter to:
Litigation Support Branch
Board of Veterans' Appeals
P.O. Box 27063
Washington, DC 20038
Remember, the Board places no time limit on filing a motion for reconsideration, and you can do this at any time. However, if you
also plan to appeal this decision to the Court, you must file your motion within 120 days from the date of this decision.
CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE
How do I file a motion to vacate? You can file a motion asking the Board to vacate any part of this decision by writing a letter to the
Board stating why you believe you were denied due process of law during your appeal. See 38 C.F.R. 20.904. You can also file a
motion to vacate any part of this decision on the basis that the Board allowed benefits based on false or fraudulent evidence submitted
by or on behalf of the appellant. Send this motion to the address on the previous page for the Litigation Support Branch, at the Board.
Remember, the Board places no time limit on filing a motion to vacate, and you can do this at any time. However, if you also plan to
appeal this decision to the Court, you must file your motion within 120 days from the date of this decision.
Can someone represent me in my appeal? Yes. You can always represent yourself in any claim before VA, including the Board,
but you can also appoint someone to represent you. An accredited representative of a recognized service organization may represent
you free of charge. VA approves these organizations to help veterans, service members, and dependents prepare their claims and
present them to VA. An accredited representative works for the service organization and knows how to prepare and present claims.
You can find a listing of these organizations on the Internet at: http://www.va.gov/vso. You can also choose to be represented by a
private attorney or by an "agent." (An agent is a person who is not a lawyer, but is specially accredited by VA.)
If you want someone to represent you before the Court, rather than before VA, you can get information on how to do so at the Court's
website at: http://www.uscourts.cavc.gov
. The Court's website provides a state-by-state listing of persons admitted to practice before
the Court who have indicated their availability to represent appellants. You may also request this information by writing directly to
the Court. Information about free representation through the Veterans Consortium Pro Bono Program is also available at the Court's
website, or at: http://www.vetsprobono.org, [email protected]
, or (855) 446-9678.
Do I have to pay an attorney or agent to represent me? An attorney or agent may charge a fee to represent you after a notice of
disagreement has been filed with respect to your case, provided that the notice of disagreement was filed on or after June 20, 2007.
See 38 U.S.C. 5904; 38 C.F.R. 14.636. If the notice of disagreement was filed before June 20, 2007, an attorney or accredited agent
may charge fees for services, but only after the Board first issues a final decision in the case, and only if the agent or attorney is hired
within one year of the Board's decision. See 38 C.F.R. 14.636(c)(2).
The notice of disagreement limitation does not apply to fees charged, allowed, or paid for services provided with respect to
proceedings before a court. VA cannot pay the fees of your attorney or agent, with the exception of payment of fees out of past-due
benefits awarded to you on the basis of your claim when provided for in a fee agreement.
Fee for VA home and small business loan cases: An attorney or agent may charge you a reasonable fee for services involving a VA
home loan or small business loan. See 38 U.S.C. 5904; 38 C.F.R. 14.636(d).
Filing of Fee Agreements: If you hire an attorney or agent to represent you, a copy of any fee agreement must be sent to VA. The
fee agreement must clearly specify if VA is to pay the attorney or agent directly out of past-due benefits. See 38 C.F.R. 14.636(g)(2).
If the fee agreement provides for the direct payment of fees out of past-due benefits, a copy of the direct-pay fee agreement must be
filed with the agency of original jurisdiction within 30 days of its execution. A copy of any fee agreement that is not a direct-pay fee
agreement must be filed with the Office of the General Counsel within 30 days of its execution by mailing the copy to the following
address: Office of the General Counsel (022D), Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20420.
See 38 C.F.R. 14.636(g)(3).
The Office of the General Counsel may decide, on its own, to review a fee agreement or expenses charged by your agent or attorney
for reasonableness. You can also file a motion requesting such review to the address above for the Office of the General Counsel. See
38 C.F.R. 14.636(i); 14.637(d).
VA FORM 4597b, DEC 2016, PAGE 2
SUPERSEDES VA FORM 4597b, MAR 2015,
WHICH WILL NOT BE USED.