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Fillable Printable Form 982

What is a Form 982 ?

Form 982, whose complete name is Reduction of Tax Attributes Due to Discharge of Indebtedness (and Section 1082 Basis Adjustment), is an IRS's form for one whose canceled debt is for a qualified principal residence indebtedness, aka mortgage debt relief. Form 982 is used to report the exclusion and the reduction of certain tax attributes either dollar for dollar or 331/3 cents per dollar. Use HandyPDF service to download blank or edit and sign fillable Form 982 online.

Fillable Printable Form 982

What is a Form 982 ?

Form 982, whose complete name is Reduction of Tax Attributes Due to Discharge of Indebtedness (and Section 1082 Basis Adjustment), is an IRS's form for one whose canceled debt is for a qualified principal residence indebtedness, aka mortgage debt relief. Form 982 is used to report the exclusion and the reduction of certain tax attributes either dollar for dollar or 331/3 cents per dollar. Use HandyPDF service to download blank or edit and sign fillable Form 982 online.

Form 982

Form 982

Form 982
(Rev. January 2016)
Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Reduction of Tax Attributes Due to Discharge of
Indebtedness (and Section 1082 Basis Adjustment)
Attach this form to your income tax return.
OMB No. 1545-0046
Attachment
Sequence No.
94
Name shown on returnIdentifying number
Part I
General Information (see instructions)
1 Amount excluded is due to (check applicable box(es)):
a Discharge of indebtedness in a title 11 case ........................
b Discharge of indebtedness to the extent insolvent (not in a title 11 case) ...............
c Discharge of qualified farm indebtedness .........................
d Discharge of qualified real property business indebtedness ...................
e Discharge of qualified principal residence indebtedness ....................
2 Total amount of discharged indebtedness excluded from gross income .........2
3
Do you elect to treat all real property described in section 1221(a)(1), relating to property held for sale to
customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business, as if it were depreciable property? ......
YesNo
Part II
Reduction of Tax Attributes. You must attach a description of any transactions resulting in the reduction in
basis under section 1017. See Regulations section 1.1017-1 for basis reduction ordering rules, and, if applicable,
required partnership consent statements. (For additional information, see the instructions for Part II.)
Enter amount excluded from gross income:
4
For a discharge of qualified real property business indebtedness applied to reduce the basis of
depreciable real property ........................
4
5
That you elect under section 108(b)(5) to apply first to reduce the basis (under section 1017) of
depreciable property ..........................
5
6
Applied to reduce any net operating loss that occurred in the tax year of the discharge or carried
over to the tax year of the discharge .....................
6
7 Applied to reduce any general business credit carryover to or from the tax year of the discharge .7
8
Applied to reduce any minimum tax credit as of the beginning of the tax year immediately after the
tax year of the discharge .........................
8
9
Applied to reduce any net capital loss for the tax year of the discharge, including any capital loss
carryovers to the tax year of the discharge ...................
9
10a
Applied to reduce the basis of nondepreciable and depreciable property if not reduced on line 5.
DO NOT use in the case of discharge of qualified farm indebtedness ..........
10a
b
Applied to reduce the basis of your principal residence. Enter amount here ONLY if line 1e is
checked ..............................
10b
11 For a discharge of qualified farm indebtedness applied to reduce the basis of:
a
Depreciable property used or held for use in a trade or business or for the production of income if
not reduced on line 5 ..........................
11a
b Land used or held for use in a trade or business of farming .............
11b
c Other property used or held for use in a trade or business or for the production of income ...11c
12
Applied to reduce any passive activity loss and credit carryovers from the tax year of the discharge
12
13
Applied to reduce any foreign tax credit carryover to or from the tax year of the discharge ...
13
Part III
Consent of Corporation to Adjustment of Basis of Its Property Under Section 1082(a)(2)
Under section 1081(b), the corporation named above has excluded $from its gross income
for the tax year beginning
and ending.
Under that section, the corporation consents to have the basis of its property adjusted in accordance with the regulations prescribed
under section 1082(a)(2) in effect at the time of filing its income tax return for that year. The corporation is organized under the laws
of.
(State of incorporation)
Note: You must attach a description of the transactions resulting in the nonrecognition of gain under section 1081.
For Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see instructions.
Cat. No. 17066E
Form 982 (Rev. 1-2016)
Information about Form 982 and its instructions is at www.irs.gov/form982.
Form 982 (Rev. 1-2016)
Page 2
General Instructions
Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code unless
otherwise noted.
Future developments. For the latest information about
developments related to Form 982 and its instructions, such as
legislation enacted after they were published, go to
www.irs.gov/form982.
Purpose of Form
Generally, the amount by which you benefit from the discharge
of indebtedness is included in your gross income. However,
under certain circumstances described in section 108, you can
exclude the amount of discharged indebtedness from your
gross income.
You must file Form 982 to report the exclusion and the
reduction of certain tax attributes either dollar for dollar or 33
1
/3
cents per dollar (as explained below).
How To Complete the Form
IF the discharged debt
you are excluding is . . .
THEN follow these steps . . .
Qualified principal
residence indebtedness
1. Be sure to read the definition of qualified principal residence indebtedness in the instructions for line 1e on page
4. Part or all of your debt may not qualify for the exclusion on line 1e but may qualify for one of the other exclusions.
2. Check the box on line 1e.
3. Include on line 2 the amount of discharged qualified principal residence indebtedness that is excluded fromgross
income. Any amount in excess of the excluded amount may result in taxable income. See Pub. 4681 for more
information. If you disposed of your residence, you may also be required to recognize a gain on its disposition. For
details, see Pub. 523, Selling Your Home.
4. If you continue to own your residence after the discharge, enter on line 10b the smaller of (a) the amount of
qualified principal residence indebtedness included on line 2 or (b) the basis (generally, your cost plusimprovements)
of your principal residence.
!
CAUTION
If the discharge occurs in a title 11 case, you can’t check box 1e. You must check box 1a and complete
the form as discussed below under A nonbusiness debt. If you are insolvent (and not in a title 11 case),
you can elect to follow the insolvency rules by checking box 1b instead of box 1e and completing the
form as discussed below under A nonbusiness debt.
A nonbusiness debt (other
than qualified principal
residence indebtedness,
such as a car loan or credit
card debt)
Follow these instructions if you don’t have any of the tax attributes listed in Part II (other than a basis in
nondepreciable property). Otherwise, follow the instructions for Any other debt below.
1. Check the box on line 1a if the discharge was made in a title 11 case (see Definitions, later) or the box on line 1b if
the discharge occurred when you were insolvent (see Line 1b, later).
2. Include on line 2 the amount of discharged nonbusiness debt that is excluded from gross income. If you were
insolvent, don’t include more than the excess of your liabilities over the fair market value of your assets.
3. Include on line 10a the smallest of (a) the basis of your nondepreciable property, (b) the amount of the
nonbusiness debt included on line 2, or (c) the excess of the aggregate bases of the property and the amount of
money you held immediately after the discharge over your aggregate liabilities immediately after the discharge.
Any other debtUse Part I of Form 982 to indicate why any amount received from the discharge of indebtedness should be excluded
from gross income and the amount excluded.
Use Part II to report your reduction of tax attributes. The reduction must be made in the following order unless you
check the box on line 1d for qualified real property business indebtedness or make the election on line 5 to reduce
basis of depreciable property first.
1. Any net operating loss (NOL) for the tax year of the discharge (and any NOL carryover to that year) (dollar for
dollar);
2. Any general business credit carryover to or from the tax year of the discharge (33
1
/3cents per dollar);
3. Any minimum tax credit as of the beginning of the tax year immediately after the tax year of the discharge (33
1
/3
cents per dollar);
4. Any net capital loss for the tax year of the discharge (and any capital loss carryover to that tax year) (dollar for
dollar);
5. The basis of property (dollar for dollar);
6. Any passive activity loss (dollar for dollar) and credit (33
1
/3cents per dollar) carryovers from the tax year of the
discharge; and
7. Any foreign tax credit carryover to or from the tax year of the discharge (33
1
/3cents per dollar).
Use Part III to exclude from gross income under section 1081(b) any amounts of income attributable to the transfer
of property described in that section.
Form 982 (Rev. 1-2016)
Page 3
TIP
Certain individuals may need to complete only a few
lines on Form 982. For example, if you are completing
this form because of a discharge of indebtedness on
a personal loan (such as a car loan or credit card
debt) or a loan for the purchase of your principal residence,
follow the chart, earlier, to see which lines you need to
complete. Also, see Pub. 4681, Canceled Debts, Foreclosures,
Repossessions, and Abandonments, for additional information.
Definitions
Title 11 Case
A title 11 case is a case under title 11 of the United States Code
(relating to bankruptcy), but only if you are under the jurisdiction
of the court in the case and the discharge of indebtedness is
granted by the court or is under a plan approved by the court.
Discharge of Indebtedness
The term discharge of indebtedness conveys forgiveness of, or
release from, an obligation to repay.
When To File
File Form 982 with your federal income tax return for a year a
discharge of indebtedness is excluded from your income under
section 108(a).
The election to reduce the basis of depreciable property
under section 108(b)(5) and the election made on line 1d of Part
I regarding the discharge of qualified real property business
indebtedness must be made on a timely filed return (including
extensions) and can be revoked only with the consent of the
IRS.
If you timely filed your tax return without making either of
these elections, you can still make either election by filing an
amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return
(excluding extensions). Write “Filed pursuant to section
301.9100-2” on the amended return and file it at the same place
you filed the original return.
Specific Instructions
Part I
!
CAUTION
The time for making a section 108(i) election has
passed. If you made an election under section 108(i)
to defer income from the discharge of business debt
arising from the reacquisition of a debt instrument
in 2009 or 2010, don’t report the amount deferred under the
election in lines 1a through 1d and line 2.
Line 1b
The insolvency exclusion doesn’t apply to any discharge that
occurs in a title 11 case. It also doesn’t apply to a discharge of
qualified principal residence indebtedness (see the instructions
for line 1e on page 4) unless you elect to have the insolvency
exclusion apply instead of the exclusion for qualified principal
residence indebtedness.
Check the box on line 1b if the discharge of indebtedness
occurred while you were insolvent. You were insolvent to the
extent that your liabilities exceeded the fair market value (FMV)
of your assets immediately before the discharge. For details and
a worksheet to help calculate insolvency, see Pub. 4681.
Example. You were released from your obligation to payyour
credit card debt in the amount of $5,000. The FMV ofyour total
assets immediately before the discharge was$7,000 and your
liabilities were $10,000. You were insolventto the extent of
$3,000 ($10,000 of total liabilities minus$7,000 of total assets).
Check the box on line 1b and include$3,000 on line 2.
Line 1c
Check this box if the income you exclude is from the discharge
of qualified farm indebtedness. The exclusion relating to
qualified farm indebtedness doesn’t apply to a discharge that
occurs in a title 11 case or to the extent you were insolvent.
Qualified farm indebtedness is the amount of indebtedness
incurred directly in connection with the trade or business of
farming. In addition, 50% or more of your aggregate gross
receipts for the three tax years preceding the tax year in which
thedischarge of such indebtedness occurs must be from the
trade or business of farming. For more information, seesections
108(g) and 1017(b)(4).
The discharge must have been made by a qualified person.
Generally, a qualified person is an individual, organization, etc.,
who is actively and regularly engaged in the business of lending
money. This person can’t be related to you, be the person from
whom you acquired the property, or be a person who receives a
fee with respect to your investment in the property. A qualified
person also includes any federal, state, or local government or
agency or instrumentality thereof.
If you checked line 1c and didn’t make the election on line 5,
the debt discharge amount will be applied to reduce the tax
attributes in the order listed on lines 6 through 9. Any remaining
amount will be applied to reduce the tax attributes in the order
listed on lines 11a through 13.
You can’t exclude more than the total of your (a) tax attributes
(determined under section 108(g)(3)(B)) and (b) basis of property
used or held for use in a trade or business or for the production
of income. Any excess is included in income.
Line 1d
If you check this box, the discharge of qualified real property
business indebtedness is applied to reduce the basis of
depreciable real property on line 4. The exclusion relating to
qualified real property business indebtedness doesn’t apply to a
discharge that occurs in a title 11 case or to the extent you were
insolvent.
Qualified real property business indebtedness isindebtedness
(other than qualified farm indebtedness) that(a) is incurred or
assumed in connection with real propertyused in a trade or
business, (b) is secured by that realproperty, and (c) with
respect to which you have made anelection under this
provision. This provision doesn’t apply toa corporation (other
than an S corporation).
Indebtedness incurred or assumed after 1992 isn’t qualified
real property business indebtedness unless it is either (a) debt
incurred to refinance qualified real property business
indebtedness incurred or assumed before 1993 (but only to the
extent the amount of such debt doesn’t exceed the amount of
debt being refinanced) or (b) qualified acquisition indebtedness.
Qualified acquisition indebtedness is (a) debt incurred or
assumed to acquire, construct, reconstruct, or substantially
improve real property that is secured by such debt and (b)debt
resulting from the refinancing of qualified acquisition
indebtedness to the extent the amount of such debt doesn’t
exceed the amount of debt being refinanced.
You can’t exclude more than the excess of the
outstanding principal amount of the debt (immediately before
the discharge) over the net FMV (as of that time) of the
property securing the debt reduced by the outstanding principal
amount of other qualified real property business indebtedness
secured by that property (as of that time). The amount excluded
is further limited to the aggregate adjusted basis (as of the first
day of the next tax year or, if earlier, the date of disposition) of
depreciable real property (determined after any reductions
under sections 108(b) and (g)) you held immediately before the
discharge (other than property acquired in contemplation of the
discharge). Any excess is included in income.
Form 982 (Rev. 1-2016)
Page 4
Line 1e
Check this box if the income you exclude is from discharge of
qualified principal residence indebtedness. Also, be sure you
complete line 2 (and line 10b if you continue to own the
residence after discharge). However, if the discharge occurs in a
title 11 case, you must check the box on line 1a and not this
box. If you are insolvent (and not in a title 11 case), you can
elect to follow the insolvency rules by checking box 1b instead
of checking this box. For more information, see Pub. 4681.
Principal residence. Your principal residenceis your main
home, which is the homewhere you ordinarily live most of the
time. You can have onlyone main home at any one time.
Qualified principal residence indebtedness. This
indebtedness is a mortgage you took out to buy, build, or
substantially improve your main home. It also must besecured
by your main home. If the amount of youroriginal mortgage is
more than the cost of your main home plus the cost of any
substantial improvements, onlythe debt that is not more than
the cost of your main home plus improvements is qualified
principal residenceindebtedness. Any debt secured by your
main homethat you use to refinance qualified principal
residenceindebtedness is treated as qualified principal
residenceindebtedness, but only up to the amount of the old
mortgageprincipal just before the refinancing. Any additional
debt youincurred to substantially improve your main home is
also treated as qualified principal residence indebtedness.
Amount eligible for the exclusion. The exclusion applies only
to debt discharged after 2006. The maximumamount you can
treat as qualified principal residenceindebtedness is $2 million
($1 million if married filingseparately). You can’t exclude from
gross income dischargeof qualified principal residence
indebtedness if the dischargewas for services performed for the
lender or on account of anyother factor not directly related to a
decline in the value ofyour residence or to your financial
condition.
Ordering rule. If only a part of a loan is qualified principal
residence indebtedness, the exclusion applies only to theextent
the amount discharged exceeds the amount of the loan
(immediately before the discharge) that is not qualifiedprincipal
residence indebtedness. For example, assume yourmain home
is secured by a debt of $1 million, of which$800,000 is qualified
principal residence indebtedness. If yourmain home is sold for
$700,000 and $300,000 of debt isdischarged, only $100,000 of
the debt discharged can beexcluded (the $300,000 that was
discharged minus the$200,000 of nonqualified debt). The
remaining $200,000 ofnonqualified debt may qualify in whole or
in part for one of theother exclusions, such as the insolvency
exclusion.
Line 2
Enter the total amount excluded from your gross income due to
discharge of indebtedness under section 108. If you checked
any box on lines 1b through 1e, don’t enter more than the limit
explained in the instructions for those lines. If you checked line
1a, 1b, or 1c, this amount won’t necessarily equal the total
reductions on lines 5 through 13 (excluding line 10b) because
the debt discharge amount may exceed the total tax attributes.
If you checked line 1e, this amount won’t necessarily equal the
total basis reduction on line 10b (which is required only if you
continue to own the residence after the discharge).
See section 382(l)(5) for a special rule regarding a reduction of
a corporation’s tax attributes after certain ownership changes.
Line 3
You can elect under section 1017(b)(3)(E) to treat all real
property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary
course of a trade or business as if it were depreciable property.
This election doesn’t apply to the discharge of qualified real
property business indebtedness. To make the election, check
the “Yes” box.
Part II
Basis Reduction
If you check any of the boxes on lines 1a through 1c, you can
elect, by completing line 5, to apply all or a part of the debt
discharge amount to first reduce the basis of depreciable
property (including property you elected on line 3 to treat as
depreciable property). Any balance of the debt discharge
amount will then be applied to reduce the tax attributes in the
order listed on lines 6 through 13 (excluding line 10b). You must
attach a statement describing the transactions that resulted in
the reduction in basis under section 1017 and identifying the
property for which you reduced the basis. If you don’t make the
election on line 5, complete lines 6 through 13 (excluding line
10b) to reduce your attributes. See section 1017(b)(2) and (c) for
limitations of reductions in basis on line 10a.
Line 7
If you have a general business credit carryover to or from the tax
year of the discharge, you must reduce that carryover by 33
1
/3
cents for each dollar excluded from gross income. See Form
3800, General Business Credit, for more details on the general
business credit, including rules for figuring any carryforward or
carryback.
Line 10a
In the case of a title 11 case or insolvency, the reduction in
basis is limited to the aggregate of the basis of your property
immediately after the discharge over the aggregate of your
liabilities immediately after the discharge. However, this limit
doesn’t apply to a reduction in basis reported on line 5 pursuant
to section 108(b)(5).
Line 10b
If box 1e is checked and you continue to own the residence
after discharge, enter the smaller of:
• The part of line 2 that is attributable to the exclusion of
qualified principal residence indebtedness, or
• The basis of your main home.
Part III
Adjustment to Basis
Unless it specifically states otherwise, the corporation, by filing
this form, agrees to apply the general rule for adjusting the basis
of property (as described in Regulations section 1.1082-3(b)).
If the corporation desires to have the basis of its property
adjusted in a manner different from the general rule, it must
attach a request for variation from the general rule. The request
must show the precise method used and the allocation of
amounts.
Consent to the request for variation from the general rule will
be effective only if it is incorporated in a closing agreement
entered into by the corporation and the Commissioner of
Internal Revenue under the rules of section 7121. If no
agreement is entered into, then the general rule will apply in
determining the basis of the corporation’s property.
Form 982 (Rev. 1-2016)
Page 5
Paperwork Reduction Act Notice. We ask for theinformation
on this form to carry out the Internal Revenuelaws of the United
States. You are required to give us theinformation. We need it
to ensure that you are complyingwith these laws and to allow
us to figure and collect the rightamount of tax.
You aren’t required to provide the information requested on a
form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the
form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records
relating to a form or its instructions must be retained as long as
their contents may become material in the administration of any
Internal Revenue law. Generally, tax returns and return
information are confidential, as required by section 6103.
The time needed to complete and file this form will vary
depending on individual circumstances. The estimated burden
for individual taxpayers filing this form is approved under OMB
control number 1545-0074 and is included in the estimates
shown in the instructions for their individual income tax return.
The estimated burden for all other taxpayers who file this form is
shown as follows: Recordkeeping, 5 hr., 58 min.; Learning
about the law orthe form, 2 hr., 34 min.; Preparing and
sending the formto the IRS, 2 hr., 48 min.
If you have comments concerning the accuracy of these time
estimates or suggestions for making this form simpler, we would
be happy to hear from you. See the instructions for the tax
return with which this form is filed.
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